In the current world full of misinformation, we need to teach our students to assess and evaluate information since their generation is more on the use of technologies.
One strategy I taught to my students is the Five Cs of Critical Consuming.
*Word of Caution: There might be other models more effective than this but so far, it's effective for my grade 5 and 6 students.
To avoid fake news, we should all learn how to assess information. Below is the model that came from Standard University and it is called Five Cs of Critical Consuming.
CONTEXT - Look at the context of the article. When was it written? Where does it come from? Have the events changed since then? Is there any new information that could change your perspective?
CREDIBILITY - Check the credibility of the source. Does the site have a reputation for journalistic integrity? Does the author cite credible sources? Or is it satirical? Is it on a list of fake news sites? Is it actually an advertisement posing as a real news story?
CONSTRUCTION - Analyze the construction of the article. What is the bias? Are there any loaded words? Any propaganda techniques? Any omissions that you should look out for? Can you distinguish between the facts and opinions? Or is it simply all speculation?
CORROBORATION - Corroborate the information with other credible news sources. Make sure it’s not the only source making the claim. If it is, there’s a good chance it’s actually not true.
COMPARE - Compare it to other news sources to get different perspectives. Find other credible sources from other areas of the ideological or political spectrum to provide nuance and get a bigger picture of what’s actually happening.
Attached is the video presentation of the same topic.
When we teach students media literacy, and they learn how to consume critically, they learn how to think critically. And critical thinking citizens are good for democracy. And that’s good for everyone.
Thank you for reading.