Division of a society into layers
Occupants have unequal access to social opportunities and rewards.
1. Caste System
2. ESTATE SYSTEM
Established by law in which the ownership of land leads to the monopolization of power.
The wealthy and powerful families that ruled the country and owned the land
The Roman Catholic Church was a political power at this time, owning vast tracts of land and collecting taxes from commoners; the church sold offices, and the wealthy could buy positions
The commoners, including farmers, carpenters, harness makers, and servants. It was extremely rare for a person to move out of this estate
3. OPEN CLASS SYSTEM
The stratification that facilitates social mobility, with individual achievement and personal merit determining social rank.
Based primarily on economic criteria, based on fair competition and merits
They have the ability to move up or go down
AMERICAN Portraits of the Classes
Middle Class - Professionals, semi professionals and small business people.
Middle Lower Class - Class consists of skilled and unskilled workers
Lower Class - Consist of the poor
The existence of unequal opportunities and rewards for different social positions or statuses within a group or society
DOES INEQUALITY AFFECT YOU?